If you have found a possibly sick, injured or orphaned wild bird or animal then it is essential that you act quickly. Our advice pages will help you to assess whether intervention is required and advise you on how to capture and contain the animal. But what then?
1) Caring for it yourself
You may well be tempted to care for the casualty yourself. You’ll likely have formed an emotional attachment to it, especially if it’s a baby or displays no fear or aggression. However, please bear in mind that any wild bird or animal which allows itself to be captured by a human is in serious trouble. If an adult it must be very unwell, if a baby it is still at the stage when it is entirely dependent. An injured creature is likely to need medical attention which you will be unable to provide. An orphaned, abandoned or injured baby will need regular feeding, in some cases as often as every 15 minutes and sometimes through the night. Specialist feeds are needed as is considerable skill to get quantities right and deliver the feed correctly – getting this wrong can lead to choking or inhalation pneumonia. For any casualty you need also to consider the long term care plan. Even if you can get the bird or animal through its initial problem, do you have facilities to rehabilitate it such as an aviary or soft release enclosure? It’s vital that releasing a wild bird or animal back to the wild is done gradually and into an area which is suitable and not already occupied by others in the case of territorial species. For most babies, it is absolutely critical that they are raised with others of their species in order to avoid imprinting and to ensure they are socialised and know how to interact with others. This is a vital skill in the wild and, in some species, a baby raised solitarily may never be suitable for release.
2) Calling a vet
In the UK, vets receive no specific training in the treatment of wildlife. Whilst there are inevitably many similarities between wild and domestic animals, there are also very many differences. Calling a vet may be appropriate in some cases, such as ensuring that a catted bird or animal receives a prompt, life saving dose of antibiotics, but it must be considered that vets will not have experience in or facilities for the long term rehabilitation of wildlife. There is a common myth that vets are obliged to treat wildlife for free. In fact they are obliged only to relieve suffering. This may lead to casualties being euthanased unnecessarily. If you do contact a vet, you should either have a wildlife rescue on standby to take the casualty to after initial treatment or ensure that the vet has good links with a local rescue and will pass the casualty on to them.
3) Calling a domestic animal charity
There certainly are many domestic animal charities who also take in wildlife and do an excellent job. But, as stated above, wild animals can be very different to domestic pets and have very different needs. Working in wildlife rescue for many years has brought many horror stories to our ears from people being given incorrect advice when calling national advice lines, to wild animals being released within 24 hours of surgery and blanket policies to euthanase some species such as pigeons and squirrels. Please be cautious when approaching domestic animal groups for help with wildlife and, wherever possible, contact a dedicated wildlife group
4) Calling a wildlife rescue
We believe that contacting a group dedicated specifically to the care and rehabilitation of wildlife is the best chance for your casualty. To find one near to you, you can either search the map or look at the details of these groups arranged by region and county. Our listings are organised by the area in which the group is located. It should be noted that the actual area they cover may be considerably larger. We try, where possible, to give some indication of the area covered and the type of animal with which the group is able to assist. However, we recommend that you contact all groups in your area and those further afield if necessary as they may be able to help or point you in the direction of someone who can. A listing on our site is not an endorsement and you are strongly advised to check the policies of each organisation before surrendering an animal to them, especially if it is of a species some might misguidedly consider “vermin” eg pigeons, squirrels, mice, rats and gulls.